Friday, April 22, 2011

Phonemic Awareness


First of all, Phonemic awareness is not phonics.
Phonemic awareness is the ability to hear, identify, and manipulate individual sounds-phonemes--in spoken words.
Before children learn to read print, they need to become more aware of how the sounds in words work.
They must understand that words are made up of speech sounds, or phonemes (the smallest parts of sound in a spoken word that make a difference in a word's meaning).

Unfortunately, many children with apraxia struggle with this.

And this is why I am fighting the good fight with our school SLP.
Why?
Well, she doesn't think that my daughter has an issue with this (everyone else does!) and was frankly "surprised" as she put it when I brought it to her attention.
NOTE: This is the first SLP that has shocked me with her lack of understanding of the basics of speech and language.


Why Phonemic Awareness Is Important?
•It improves students' word reading and comprehension.

•It helps students learn to spell.


Phonemic Awareness Can Be Developed Through Activities
•Identify and categorize sounds

•Blend sounds to form words

•Delete or add sounds to form new words

•Substitute sounds to make new words


Phonemic Awareness Instruction Is Most Effective When--
•Students are taught to manipulate phonemes by using alphabet letters.

•Instruction focuses on only one or two rather than several types of phoneme manipulation.

•Phonemic instruction is taught in Kindergarten or First Grade.


Phonemic Awareness Instruction Basics
Children who cannot hear and work with the phonemes of spoken words will have difficult time learning how to relate these phonemes to graphemes.
(A letter of an alphabet, or all of the letters and letter combinations that represent a phoneme, as f, ph, and gh for the phoneme-American Heritage Dictionary) when they see them in written words.

Early readers can show they have phonemic awareness in several ways:
•recognizing which words in a set of words start with the same sound

•isolating and saying the first or last sound in a word

•combining or blending the separate sounds in a word in order to say the word

•breaking up or segmenting a word into its separate sounds.


Examples of Phonemic Awareness Skills
•Blending:

What word am I trying to say? Nnnnn-oooo--t.
•Segmentation (first sound isolation): What is the first sound in not?

•Segmentation (last sound isolation): What is the last sound in not?

•Segmentation (complete): What are all the sounds you hear in not?

So this is why my feathers are ruffled.
This is why I called a Parent-Teacher Conference.
This is why I will be calling another IEP Meeting.
And due to the number of untruths in an email that I received, there is not a program in place to help my daughter learn this in school.
Yes, teaching takes place at home as well, and we are trying so hard to help her, but this is where the schools have to step up and help.

And thanks to a great Parent-Teacher Conference, not to mention that the school's Principal was also in attendance, a program is being instituted.
Click here to see what we are using to help her learn this skill.

And yes, I will be adding this to her IEP in the coming days.

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1 comment:

  1. So glad you had a good session with your school team!!

    Fingers crossed for a good IEP too!

    ReplyDelete